It's no secret that the treatment of bronchial asthma in children and adults requires patience and control from a truly competent doctor.
Effective treatment of bronchial asthma in adults should be conducted with the participation of a doctor. Doctors help not only to overcome the symptoms of the disease, but open the opportunity for patients to understand the truth of the cause of the disease, to find the right approach to combat chronic illness, and also to consult on the prevention of the disease.
Diagnosis and treatment of bronchial asthma
Specialists apply methods to determine whether a person suffers from asthma, or the cause of the disease is quite different. In particular, often the symptoms of asthma mask the following diseases:
- pulmonary embolism,
- heart diseases.
To conduct the diagnosis and identify the cause that requires treatment, a patient may be assigned a breath function test, fibroblochoscopy or computed tomography.
If the doctor sees that the cause of the health problem is asthma indeed, then the patient needs to take prescribed medications. At an earlier stage of the disease, it is usually prescribed leukotriene receptor antagonists. If the disease has a neglected form, it is often prescribed hormonal therapy.
Here is an overview of the most popular medicines for asthma in the form of inhalers.
The main substances of Advair Diskus are fluticasone propionate and salmeterol.
The dosages of these substances are 250 mcg and 50 mcg respectively. This medicine is used for long-term treatment of asthma in patients 4 years and older and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in certain patients. Important notice: People with asthma who use salmeterol have increased risk of death from asthma.
The working chemical of Symbicort inhaler are Budesonide and Formoterol Fumarate Dihydrate.
Dosages of the preparations are 100 mcg and 6 mcg respectively. Budesonide is a steroid that reduces inflammation in the body. Formoterol is a bronchodilator that relaxes muscles in the airways to improve breathing. Budesonide and Formoterol together are used to prevent bronchospasm in people with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Ventolin inhaler contains Albuterol as an active substance.
The dosage is 100 mcg. Ventolin inhaler is a bronchodilator that relaxes muscles in the airways and increases air flow to the lungs. Albuterol inhalation is used to treat or prevent bronchospasm in people with reversible obstructive airway disease. Albuterol is also used to prevent exercise-induced bronchospasm. Also Albuterol is available in the form of pills (2 mg of Albuterol per pill).
Salmeterol is the main substance of Serevent inhaler. Dosage of Salmeterol is 25 mcg. It is a bronchodilator. It improved your breathing by relaxing muscles in the airways. Salmeterol inhalation is used to prevent asthma attacks in patients of all ages. Unfortunately, this medicine will not treat an asthma attack that has already begun. Serevent inhalation may also be used for other purposes (off-label use). Salmeterol inhalation is also used to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Symbicort includes Formoterol and Budesonide preparations, which have a different mechanism of action and show an additive effect on reducing the frequency of exacerbations of asthma.
Clinical studies in adult patients have shown that the addition of formoterol to budesonide alleviates the symptoms of asthma, improves lung function and reduces the frequency of exacerbations.
Active ingredient of Spiriva is 22.5 μg of Tiotropium bromide monohydrate, equivalent to 18 μg of Tiotropium.
Spiriva significantly improves the quality of life. This improvement is observed throughout the treatment period. It was proved that Spiriva significantly reduces the number of hospitalizations associated with exacerbation of COPD, and increases the time until the first hospitalization.
Ventolin inhaler is indicated for rapid relief of acute asthma attacks, as well as for the treatment of patients with chronic obstructive bronchitis who do not respond to conventional therapy.
Ventolin Nebula is intended for inhalation through the mouth with the help of a nebulizer, it should be administered under the supervision of a doctor.